What is a hair transplant?
Jan 30,2021
What is a hair transplant?

A procedure in which a surgeon replaces hair in the bald area of the head is referred to as a hair transplant

A procedure in which a surgeon replaces hair in the bald area of the head is referred to as a hair transplant. In the process undertaken generally in a hair transplant clinic, the hair is generally moved from the back or the side of the head to the front of the head. This procedure is mainly required by those individuals suffering from major hair loss caused due to genetics. So, for all you people out there wanting to know everything about transplant of the hair and hair transplant cost here is presenting a few important facts.

What are Types of hair transplants?

When it comes to getting your hair transplanted in a hair transplant clinic there are two types available. They are FUT (Follicular Unit Transplant) and FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction). To choose the best option for you would depend on your need as well as on the recommendations made by your physician.

Who benefits from a hair transplant?

In life there are many individuals who end up becoming bald very early in life due to issues related to the genes. It is for these people that undergoing a hair transplant is a must. Doing so enables them to improve their appearance and thereby help restore their self-confidence. The ideal age of the candidate undertaking this process in a hair transplant clinic ranges between the ages of 25 and 65.  

How does the Hair Transplant Procedure actually work?

The hair transplant procedure is a long drawn process. This procedure which is carried out in a hair transplant clinic comprises of 11 steps they are as follows:

  • Preparation for the hair transplant:

The hair follicles from the back of the head are initially removed and placed to the balding areas.

  • Donor area trimmed:

The hair in the donor area is then trimmed before the surgery begins.

  •  Donor area prepared for surgery:

  Next local anesthesia is given to the donor area which has been trimmed.  

  • Removal of the tissue in donor area:

The bad resistant hair follicles is removed surgically from the donor area and it is then sutured.

  • The suturing of the Donor Area:

In the donor area of the patient the sutures are hidden within the hair. These are then removed 10 days after the surgery.

  • The donor tissue is trimmed into follicular unit grafts:

The surgical technicians then use the microscope in order to view the donor tissue area for dissecting and preparing follicular units hair graft.

  • The recipient bald area is prepared:  

Once the local anesthesia is given to the patient, the balding recipient area is prepared for the surgical process No trimming/removal of hair is required at the top of the recipient area.

  • Incisions made in the balding areas

Follicular Unit Grafts are placed in the tiny incisions that are made in an irregular pattern in the recipient area.

  • Grafts placed according to their densities

The smallest grafts (one and two) are placed in front of the hairline and three and four (denser than one and two) are placed behind.

  • Immediately after the Hair Transplant Surgery

After the hair transplant surgery, tiny incisions with short hair would be visible on the patients operated area.

  • Closing of the Hair Transplant Surgery

The incision marks heal naturally and the redness in the recipient area vanishes itself within a week.

What happens after a hair transplant?

After the hair transplant is completed the patient needs to protect the scalp from the UV rays of the sun and infection. The candidate is also put on antibiotics for a few days. It must also be noted that a patient is allowed to shampoo hair only two or three days post-surgery and discharge from the hair transplant clinic.   

How long does hair transplant last?

To reap the fruits of your hair transplantation you will need to wait for a period of six months to a year. In terms of the longevity, the result of this procedure will last for a lifetime.   

Do and don'ts after hair transplant?

The Do’s after undergoing hair transplant in a hair transplant clinic are as follows:

Get someone to drive you home after your procedure. Hair transplant surgery does not typically require strong sedation, but if you’ve been given a sedative, it’s best not to drive under its influence.

Ensure that you sleep with your head elevated for the first 7 days, or however long you experience swelling. For most patients, it will only last for a few days, and some may never experience it at all. A recliner is very useful as a makeshift bed. Just think of all the Netflix or Amazon Prime web series/movies binge-watching you can accomplish while there!

Get all the information regarding medication safe to take from your surgeon or nurse.

Avoid at all cost applying ice just above the eyebrows to help prevent swelling, which typically occurs on the 3rd or 4th day post-op.

Try to be very gentle when washing your hair for the first 5 days, starting with Day 3. Do not scrub too much, do not blast the water stream directly onto your scalp.

Make sure you use a cup to rinse the scalp.

Gently apply conditioner to the scalp to relieve any itching.

Dye your hair shortly before your procedure if you feel you can’t make it for four additional weeks. Dying your hair before hair transplant surgery will not have a negative effect.

Hydrate well before and after hair transplant surgery.

Be prepared to experience some hair fall from the transplanted areas for about 2 to 4 weeks after your procedure. This is entirely normal and part of the natural hair growth cycle. This doesn’t mean that the follicles are damaged. Your hair will regrow within about three months.

The Don’t’s are as follows:

Avoid sleeping flat on your tummy or side, or rub your new hairline against a pillow.

Be calm and do not panic if you experience swelling, especially on days 3 and 4 after the surgery.

Never apply any ice directly to the transplanted areas of your scalp. You really want to avoid touching these areas with anything.

Prevent scabs from forming on your scalp. The formation of scabs is a very natural result after your scalp has been poked and prodded, and part of the natural healing process. Much like you want to keep a scab on your knee undisturbed until it is fully healed and has fallen off, you need to let the scabs on your head form freely until they go away on their own.

Avoid washing your hair for the first 48 hours post the hair transplant procedure.

Stop yourself from scratching your scalp. Some itchiness is normal the first few days after a hair transplant.

Never wear any hats or ball caps for the first three days. The scabs that naturally form after a hair transplant need about three days to solidify. During this time, it is best to keep anything from touching your head.

Avoid exposure of your scalp to direct sunlight other than brief periods of time during the first 2 weeks. After three days, make sure you cover up with a hat. It’s very common for hair transplant patients to use vacation time for their recovery, and it’s okay to spend that time at the beach or outside, as long as you don’t run any risk of sunburn. You also shouldn’t go scuba diving.

Never engage in heavy exercise in the days following your hair transplant. You have to be careful with exertion – your blood pressure and heart rate need to stay in a safe zone until the risk of swelling has subsided. This can be tough for the gym buffs. You may have to swap pumping that iron and taking a run for some light cardio instead.

Do not indulge in any activities that might cause you to sweat heavily

Stop dying your hair for four weeks after your procedure; the harsh chemicals can compromise the success of the transplanted follicles when in that initial frail state directly after transplantation.

Restrict your consumption of alcohol for about five days after the procedure; alcohol in your system can interfere with the blood supply to the head.

For a month after the surgery at least avoid smoking. Again, blood flow is important for the growth of new hair. However, giving up smoking altogether would be the best course of action, if you haven’t already done so.

How painful is a hair transplant?

Fortunately, due to use of local anesthesia and post-operative medications a hair transplant does not induce any pain.

What is the success rate of hair transplant?

It has been found that about 10 to 80% of hair transplants turn out to be successful. Furthermore, over-the-counter hair restoration products have been discovered to have less impact than this procedure. It takes a good three to four months for the hair transplanted in a hair transplant clinic to grow back.